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Personalities & Contemporary Witnesses

PATRON AND PROTECTOR:
Frederick the Wise

1463-1525

Frederick the Wise

Frederick was born in 1463 in Hartenfels Castle in Torgau, the first son of Elector Ernst of the House of Wettin. By 1486, he had already succeeded his father as ruler of the family lands. A promoter of the arts and sciences, Frederick managed to keep his territory out of war during his reign. He built both the castle and the castle church, thereby transforming Wittenberg into his seat of power. In 1502, he also founded a university in the city – the place which would turn out to be the epicentre of the movement that would become the Reformation. Although Frederick’s Catholic faith was deeply rooted, he clearly recognised the need to reform the Papal church.

Frederick's greatest historical merit arises from his protection of Martin Luther. He refused to recognise the judgement passed by Rome in 1518 that Luther was a heretic and assured the accused safe-conduct to the imperial Diet at Worms in 1521. Upon Luther’s condemnation, he had him brought to Wartburg Castle. Frederick’s inconspicuous work behind the scenes played an essential role in permitting the Reformation to spread. During the Peasants’ Revolt, the prince opposed the idea of annihilating the rebels. In fact, it was his position that the grievances of the peasantry be redressed and that their demands be met.

Frederick died at his hunting lodge in Lochau in 1525. It was only when he was already on his deathbed that Frederick allowed the Eucharist to be administered to him in the Protestant manner.

Overview

Born on January 17, 1463 in Torgau
Died on May 5, 1525 in Lochau
Elector of Saxony, patron of the reformer Martin Luther

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Der Weihnachtsmarkt in Magdeburg auf dem Alten Markt. Links im Bild: das Alte Rathaus, das seit 1631 den Ratskeller beherbergt. Foto: Felix Paulin, Korrektur NachOben #weihnachtsmarkt #christmasmarket #magdeburg #sachsenanhalt #saxonyanhalt #weihnachtsbaum #weihnachten #christmastree #placestogo #placestobe #reiselandsachsenanhalt #städtetrip #städtetour #städtereisen #citytrip #citytour #citytravel #visitgermany
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Das Elternhaus Martin Luthers in Mansfeld. Für einen Reisebericht auf Luthers Spuren folgt dem Link in der Bio. Foto: Tim Hufnagl #mansfeld #sachsenanhalt #saxonyanhalt #luther #martinluther #luther500 #luther2017 #reformation #reformationsjubiläum #reformation500 #citytrip #citytour #citytravel #städtereisen #städtetrip #städtetour #ausflugsziel #ausflugstipp #ausflugmitfreunden #reiselandsachsenanhalt @luther2017_de @visit_luthercountry @luthergedenkstaetten
Die Illumination der Schlosskirche in Wittenberg beim Reformationsjubiläum. Film: Korrektur NachOben #wittenberg #lutherstadtwittenberg #lutherstadt #reformationsjubiläum #reformationstag #reformationday #reformation500 #luther #martinluther #luther2017 #luther500 #schlosskirche #sachsenanhalt #saxonyanhalt #reiselandsachsenanhalt #germanytour #germanytravel #städtetrip #städtetour #städtereisen #citytrip #citytour #citytravel #historicplaces #historicbuildings #illumination #illuminations #lightshow @luther2017_de @visit_luthercountry @luthergedenkstaetten
Ein musikalischer Eindruck von Reformationsfest in Wittenberg #reformationstag #reformationsjubiläum #wittenberg #lutherstadtwittenberg #lutherstadt #reformationday  #reformation #luther #martinluther #luther2017 #luther500 #sachsenanhalt #reiselandsachsenanhalt #saxonyanhalt #städtetrip #städtetour #citytrip #citytravel #citytour @luther2017_de @visit_luthercountry
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